Lesson Plans

Welcome to the “Lesson Plans” section of the website. Here you will find all the teaching resources, educational videos and interactive lesson plans you will need to bring Moo Crew to life in your classroom.

Lesson 3: Dental Health

Welcome to Lesson Plan 3: Dental Health, designed to help pupil’s understanding of the importance of dental health and the role that a healthy diet plays as part of this.

This lesson plan also includes important information regarding dental hygiene and how to brush teeth correctly are also included in the lesson plans.

LESSON PLAN: Infants
VIEW

OBJECTIVE

To develop pupils’ understanding of dental care and the importance of a healthy balanced diet for good dental health.

Duration: 30 minutes (approximately).

CURRICULAR LINKS

WORDS OF THE DAY

Teeth: Hard and bony structures in the jaw which help us to eat and talk.
Gums: Gums protect the bone and roots of your teeth.
Enamel: Enamel is the hard outer layer of the tooth which covers and protects your teeth.
Tooth Decay: When we eat or drink something that contains sugar, the enamel on our teeth begins to break down. This causes tooth decay.

CLASSROOM DISCUSSION

Inform pupils that you will be learning about taking care of teeth and gums.

Ask pupils to:

  • Point to their teeth and gums.
  • Explain what they understand by the words ‘teeth’ and ‘gums’ (refer to Words of the Day section).
  • Discuss why they think taking care of teeth is important, for example:
    • Not looking after our teeth can give us toothache, tooth decay and sore gums.
    • Looking after your teeth when you are young is a great start to having good strong teeth when you are older.
    • Teeth are important for eating, talking and smiling.

Explain tooth decay (see words of the day for definition). Luckily, the mouth has its own in-built defence against tooth decay. About 20 minutes after eating or drinking something sugary, if no more sugar is taken, the acid begins to neutralise and the tooth surface is restored to normal. This is why it is important not to eat sugary drinks or snacks between meals.

Ask pupils to think about ways they can look after their teeth and gums. Draw a spider diagram on the board of pupils’ ideas.

Prompts for discussion:

  • Eat healthy meals and snacks.
  • Include foods that are sources of calcium, which helps to keep teeth healthy, e.g. products like milk, natural yogurt and cheese (low-fat varieties recommended).
  • Try not to eat sugary snacks such as sweets, chocolate, biscuits and sugary drinks.
  • Snacking on foods which have lots of sugar can lead to tooth decay.
  • Clean your gums and teeth properly.
  • Brush your teeth twice daily.

Pair Discussion

Read aloud the following questions about dental care and ask pupils to discuss each question briefly with a partner, then discuss as a class (answers in brackets below).

  1. How often do you think you should brush your teeth every day? (Twice a day)
  2. How should you brush your teeth? (Procedure outlined below)
  3. How long should you brush your teeth for? (2-3 minutes)

Outline procedure for brushing teeth:

  • Get help to brush your teeth.
  • Brush two teeth at a time (width of the toothbrush head).
  • Count to ten for every two teeth you brush.
  • Brush gums and teeth with a toothbrush and toothpaste in a gentle circular motion.
  • Brush top and bottom teeth.
  • Brush outside of teeth and gums, inside of teeth and gums and biting surface.
  • Spit out after brushing – no rinsing.

Activity

Personal Activity

Give each pupil a copy of the ‘Top Tooth Tips’ activity sheet. Discuss each of the illustrated 8 tips. Ask pupils to listen as you discuss each tip and to put the correct number (from 1 to 8) in the answer box.

Then ask pupils to illustrate their favourite tip.

Top Tooth Tips

  1. Always brush your teeth twice a day, at bedtime and one other time during the day.
  2. Use a toothbrush and toothpaste to brush your teeth. Clean every tooth.
  3. Brushing your teeth properly should take 2-3 minutes (about the length of a song).
  4. Spit, don’t rinse.
  5. Never eat or swallow toothpaste.
  6. Change your toothbrush when the bristles are worn.
  7. Get help with brushing. You will need help brushing your teeth just like you need help tying your shoes or washing your hair.
  8. When brushing it is important to clean every tooth.

Extension Activities

  1. Ask pupils, working in groups, to draw up a list of food which is good for keeping teeth healthy.
  2. Ask pupils to draw in their copies three ways they will look after their teeth.

Bring It Home

Encourage your pupils to take home the message of the importance of a healthy balanced diet for good dental health. As a homework activity, you can ask your pupils to:

  1. Draw the food they have at home which is good for teeth.
  2. For a week, ask pupils to record how often they brush their teeth every day.
LESSON PLAN: Juniors
VIEW

OBJECTIVE

To develop pupils’ understanding of dental hygiene and the importance of a healthy balanced diet for good dental health.

Duration: 30 minutes (approximately).

CURRICULAR LINKS

WORDS OF THE DAY

Plaque: A sticky substance that is made of up of the bacteria that cause tooth decay.
Enamel: Enamel is the hard outer surface of the tooth which covers and protects the teeth.
Tooth Decay: When we eat or drink something that contains sugar, acids are produced in the mouth. These acids are produced by bacteria living in the dental plaque on the surface of the teeth. The acids start to break down the enamel surface of the tooth causing decay.

CLASSROOM DISCUSSION

Inform pupils that you will be learning about dental care. Ask pupils what they understand by this term. Explain that it means looking after the mouth, teeth and gums. Ask pupils to indicate their gums.

As a class, discuss 1) why dental care is important and 2) how to have good dental hygiene.

For example:

Why is dental hygiene important?

  • Poor dental hygiene can cause toothache, tooth decay or sore gums.
  • Poor dental hygiene can cause bad breath.
  • Good dental hygiene when you’re young is a great start to having good strong teeth when you’re older.
  • Teeth are important for eating, talking and smiling.

Explain tooth decay (see words of the day for defi nition). Luckily, the mouth has its own in-built defence against tooth decay. About 20 minutes after eating or drinking something sugary, if no more sugar is taken, the acid begins to neutralise and the tooth surface is restored to normal. This is why it is important not to eat sugary drinks or snacks between meals.

How to have good dental care

  • Eat healthy meals and snacks.
  • Eat dairy products like milk, natural yogurt and cheese (low-fat varieties recommended) as they are great sources of calcium, which helps to keep teeth healthy.
  • Avoid sugary snacks such as sweets, chocolate, biscuits and sugary drinks. Snacking on foods which have lots of sugar can lead to tooth decay.
  • Clean your gums and teeth properly.
  • Brush your teeth twice daily.

Pair Discussion

Read aloud the following questions about dental hygiene and ask pupils to confer in pairs, then come together as a class and discuss (answers in brackets below).

  1. How often do you think you should brush your teeth? (Twice a day)
  2. How should you brush your teeth? (Procedure outlined below)
  3. How long should you brush your teeth for? (2-3 minutes)

Outline procedure for brushing teeth:

  • Get help to brush your teeth.
  • Brush two teeth at a time (width of the toothbrush head).
  • Count to ten for every two teeth you brush.
  • Brush gums and teeth with a toothbrush and toothpaste in a gentle circular motion.
  • Brush top and bottom teeth.
  • Brush outside of teeth and gums, inside of teeth and gums and biting surface.
  • Spit out after brushing – no rinsing.

Activity

Group Activity

Ask pupils to work in groups. Give each group a copy of the ‘Top Tooth Tips’ activity sheet, asking them to match the sentences from A and B, completing the 8 sentences. After some time, discuss as a class.

Top Tooth Tips - Solution

A1. B5. Always brush your teeth twice a day, at bedtime and one other time during the day. Clean every tooth.

A2. B7. Use a soft / medium toothbrush and fl uoride toothpaste to brush your teeth.

A3. B8. Brushing your teeth properly should take 2-3 minutes (about the length of a song).

A4. B1. Spit, don’t rinse.

A5. B6. Never eat or swallow toothpaste.

A6. B2. Change your toothbrush when the bristles are worn.

A7. B4. Get help with brushing. You will need help brushing your teeth just as you need help tying your shoes or washing your hair.

A8. B3. When brushing it is important to clean every tooth.

Extension Activities

  1. Ask pupils in groups to design a poster with a checklist for taking care of their teeth.
  2. Ask pupils to write instructions for brushing teeth using a comic book style.

Bring It Home

Encourage your pupils to take home the message of the importance of a healthy balanced diet for good dental health. As a homework activity, you can ask your pupils to:

  1. List the food they have at home which is good for teeth.
  2. For a week, record how often they brush their teeth and check how well they did.
LESSON PLAN: Seniors
VIEW

OBJECTIVE

To develop pupils’ understanding of dental hygiene and the importance of a healthy balanced diet for good dental health.

Duration: 30 minutes (approximately).

CURRICULAR LINKS

WORDS OF THE DAY

Plaque: A sticky substance that is made of up of the bacteria that cause tooth decay.
Enamel: Enamel covers and protects your teeth. It is the hardest substance in your body.
Tooth Decay: When we eat or drink something that contains sugar, acids are produced in the mouth. These acids are produced by bacteria living in the dental plaque on the surface of the teeth. The acids start to break down the enamel surface of the tooth causing decay.
Gum Disease: Gum disease is caused by the build-up of dental plaque on the tooth surface and around the gums, generally because of poor tooth brushing. Gum disease often starts in childhood or adolescence.
Fluoride: A mineral that is effective in preventing and reversing the early signs of tooth decay. Fluoride is found in drinking water and in toothpaste.

CLASSROOM DISCUSSION

Inform pupils that you will be learning about dental hygiene. Ask pupils what they understand by this term. Explain that it means looking after the mouth, teeth and gums.

As a class, discuss 1) why dental hygiene is important and 2) how to have good dental hygiene. For example:

Why is dental hygiene important?

  • Poor dental hygiene can cause toothache, tooth decay or sore gums.
  • Poor dental hygiene can cause bad breath, which can affect self-esteem.
  • Good dental hygiene when you’re young means that you form good habits.
  • Teeth are important for eating, talking and smiling.

Explain tooth decay (see words of the day for definition). Luckily, the mouth has its own in-built defence against tooth decay. About 20 minutes after eating or drinking something sugary, if no more sugar is taken, the acid begins to neutralise and the tooth surface is restored to normal. This is why it is important not to eat sugary drinks or snacks between meals.

Explain gum disease (see words of the day for definition). Gum disease causes redness, swelling and bleeding when brushing and it can lead to the loss of teeth.

How to have good dental hygiene

  • Eat healthy meals and snacks.
  • Include foods that are sources of calcium and phosphorus as these help to keep teeth healthy. Examples include milk, natural yogurt and cheese (low-fat varieties recommended).
  • Avoid sugary snacks such as sweets, chocolate, biscuits and sugary drinks, as snacking on foods which have lots of sugar can lead to tooth decay.
  • Clean your gums and teeth properly.
  • Brush your teeth twice daily with a fluoride toothpaste. This will help by making the tooth enamel more resistant to tooth decay and it is the most effective way of removing plaque.

Pair Discussion

Read aloud the following questions about dental hygiene and ask pupils to discuss in pairs, then come together as a class and discuss (answers in brackets below).

  1. How often do you think you should brush your teeth? (Twice a day)
  2. How should you brush your teeth? (Procedure outlined below)
  3. How long should you brush your teeth for? (2-3 minutes)
  4. As well as using brushes, what else can we use to clean teeth? (Floss)

Outline procedure for brushing teeth:

  • Brush two teeth at a time (width of the toothbrush head).
  • Count to ten for every two teeth you brush.
  • Brush gums and teeth with a toothbrush and toothpaste in a gentle circular motion.
  • Brush top and bottom teeth.
  • Brush outside of teeth and gums, inside of teeth and gums and biting surface.
  • Spit out after brushing – no rinsing.

Activity

Pair Activity

Ask pupils to work in pairs. Give each pair a copy of the ‘Top Tooth Tips’ activity sheet, asking each partner to take either section A or section B. The pupils must work together matching the sentences from A and B, to complete each of the 8 sentences, writing the correct sentences in their copies.

Top Tooth Tips - Solution

A1. B5. Always brush your teeth twice a day, at bedtime and one other time during the day.

A2. B6. Use a soft / medium toothbrush and fl uoride toothpaste to brush your teeth.

A3. B8. Brushing your teeth properly should take 2-3 minutes (about the length of a song).

A4. B1. Spit, don’t rinse.

A5. B7. Never eat or swallow toothpaste.

A6. B2. Change your toothbrush when the bristles are worn.

A7. B4. As well as brushing it is important to fl oss daily.

A8. B3. When brushing it is important to clean every tooth.

Extension Activities

  1. Ask pupils to design a poster with a checklist for taking care of their teeth, which they can take home.
  2. Ask pupils to write a menu which includes tooth-friendly food and drinks.

Bring It Home

Encourage your pupils to take home the message of the importance of a healthy balanced diet for good dental health. As a homework activity, you can ask your pupils to:

  1. List the foods and drinks they have at home which contain tooth-friendly nutrients; and also list those that aren’t good for our teeth.
  2. For a week, record how often they brush their teeth and check how well they did.
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